A dental bone graft adds volume and density to the jaw in areas that have experienced bone loss. Bone graft material may be collected from the body or Animals.
How a dental bone graft works?
Once the bone graft has been placed, it holds space for your own body to do the repair work. In other words, a dental bone graft is like a scaffold on which your own bone tissue can grow and regenerate.
In some cases, your dental provider may combine a dental bone graft with platelet-rich plasma (PRP). This is taken from a sample of your own blood and is used to promote healing and tissue regeneration.
Who needs a dental bone graft?
A person with bone loss in their jaw usually needs a dental bone graft. This procedure may be recommended if you:
Are having a tooth extracted.
Plan to replace a missing tooth with a dental implant.
Need to rebuild the jaw before getting dentures.
Have areas of bone loss due to gum (periodontal) disease.
What is procedure of bone graft placement?
The dentist will conduct an oral exam to verify the condition of the teeth, gums and jaw. Dental x-rays or radiological examinations will be carried out to determine the extent of bone loss. After that, the dentist will discuss treatment options and develop an individualized treatment plan to meet each individual's needs.
First, the dentist will numb the area with a local anaesthetic. Then they make a little incision in the gums. The gingival tissue is moved slightly backward such that the jaw is visible. After the area has been cleaned and sanitized, the dentist adds bone graft to repair the defect. In many cases, the bone graft is covered with a membrane to provide extra protection. Lastly, we reposition the gingival tissue and close the incision with sutures.
What happens after a dental bone graft?
As a result of a dental bone transplant, the patient may suffer from pain, swelling and contusions. These are normal side effects that diminish in a few days. Symptoms can be managed through analgesics. The dentist may also provide antibiotics. They should be taken just as directed.
You may notice little bone fragments, leaving the site during the first few days. They often have the appearance of grains of salt or sand. This is usually not a concern, but talking to the dentist can help you know if you are getting well.
Advantages of dental bone grafts?
Dental bone transplantation may increase eligibility for dental implants and other restoration treatments. This procedure restores your jaw to its original shape following injury, dental loss or gum disease (periodontal).
Risks or complications of dental bone grafts?
Bone grafts in your mouth are generally safe. However, the procedure carries some risks, including:
Complications from anesthesia.
Recovery time from a dental bone graft
Although the patient is likely to feel back to normal within a week or two, complete recovery from dental bone transplantation can take three to nine months, sometimes more. Recovery time depends on many factors, including the type of graft, the area where the graft was placed, and the body's ability to heal.